Incurred Claim Ratio is the ratio of claim incurred by the insurance company to actual premium collected in that period. You can consider it as the net claim settlement cost incurred to the net premium collected for a particular accounting period. It is one of the most important parameters to analyse the performance of an insurance company. IRDAI issues an annual report of the performance of general insurance companies which also contains the Incurred Claims Ratio of all the general insurance companies.
The Incurred Claim Ratio indicates the reliability of the insurance company in terms of the claim settlement. A higher Incurred Claim Ratio is always good for the policyholder and it indicates that the insurance company is successfully meeting its claim. In simple words, ICR indicates the company’s ability to pay the claim. But a Very high Incurred Claim Ratio also indicates that the insurance company is going into losses. If the Incurred Claim Ratio of an insurance company is more than 100%, then it means that the amount of money which the company is giving in the form of claims is more than the amount of money collected in the form of premium which indicates the ill financial health of the company.
Incurred Claim Ratio is calculated by dividing the total value of claims paid by the company with the total value of premiums collected by the company during a financial year.
Incurred Claims Ratio = Net Claims Incurred/ Net Premiums Collected
Let us understand this with an example:
|XYZ Company earned a premium of Rs.10 lacs and spent Rs.9 lacs on claims during a particular financial year 2015-16. So now, according to the formula of Incurred Claim Ratio
Net premium earned = Rs.10 lacs
Net claim incurred = Rs.9 lacs
Therefore, Incurred Claims Ratio =9/10 (in lacs)
Thus, the ICR of the XYZ insurance company for the year 2015 will be 90%. This also means out of every Rs.100 received, the insurance company has spent Rs.90 out of it for payment of claims.
|S.No||Private General Insurance Companies||Net Earned Premium (in lakh)||Claims Incurred (in lakh)||Total Incurred Claims Ratio (%)|
|S.No||Public General Insurance Companies||Net Earned Premium (in lakh)||Claims Incurred (in lakh)||Total Incurred Claims Ratio (%)|
|S.No||Stand Alone Health Insurers||Net Earned Premium (in lakh)||Claims Incurred (in lakh)||Incurred Claims Ratio (%)|
Source: IRDAI Annual Report 2015-16
- ICR indicates the ratio of claim settled against the collected premiums, but it doesn’t indicate the time taken to settle the claim. A company may be having a very high ICR yet the claim settlement process may be lengthy.
- ICR is different for different lines of general insurance business like Motor, Health, Fire, Marine and others. Collectively combining all gives us the total ICR of a company.
- An Incurred Claim ratio of more than 100% can also be because of a startup insurer which doesn’t have substantial premium earning in the initial years of operation and has faced a high rate of claims.
- A high ICR indicates that the insurance company is successfully meeting its claims.
- Even if ICR is one of the most important yardsticks to measure the performance of a company, but it shouldn’t be the only parameter to analyze the company.
Also Read – IRDAI Claim Settlement Ratio 2015-16 of Life Insurance Companies in India.